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Biennial Report of the Director
National Institutes of Health Fiscal Years 2006 & 2007



Summary of Research Activities by Disease Categories

Estimates of Funding for Various Diseases, Conditions, and Research Areas

The table below provides insight into NIH research funding on the topics addressed in this chapter. The table is adapted from the most recent112 version of NIH's Estimates of Funding for Various Diseases, Conditions, and Research Areas (https://www.nih.gov/news/fundingresearchareas.htm). That publicly available source table displays information that NIH routinely collects on agency-wide funding in areas of special interest. For each area in which NIH collects data on agency-wide funding, the table below indicates whether some of the funding pertains to the topics in this chapter.

Important Notes:
  • The FY 2006 and FY 2007 funding levels are based on actual grants, contracts, intramural research, and other mechanisms of support.
  • The figures provided are not allocated or set aside for these areas. Rather, the funding level results from myriad individual decisions.
  • Funding included in one area may also be included in other areas; for example, Clinical Research includes Clinical Trials, and Fragile X Syndrome, Genetics, and Intellectual Disability each overlap to some extent, as do Topical Microbicides, HIV/AIDS, and Prevention. Because of this overlap, adding the funding of various areas will yield a false sum.
  • For most of the areas listed, only a portion of the funding pertains to the indicated topic. For example, only a portion of NIH funding on Agent Orange and Dioxin pertains to Neuroscience and Disorders of the Nervous System, but because a fraction does, that area is checked.


Research/Disease Area Dollars in Millions Topics
FY 2006 Actual FY 2007 Actual Cancer Neuroscience and Disorders of the Nervous System Infectious Diseases and Biodefense Autoimmune Diseases Chronic Diseases and Organ Systems,
113
Life Stages, Human Development, and Rehabilitation Minority Health and Health Disparities
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome $74 $48     X        
Agent Orange & Dioxin 17 18   X          
Aging 2,431 2,462 X X X   X X X
Alcoholism 511 521 X X X   X X X
Allergic Rhinitis (Hay Fever) 4 5       X      
ALS 44 39   X          
Alzheimer’s Disease 643 645   X       X  
American Indians/Alaska Natives 155 141 X X X       X
Anorexia 15 12   X     X X  
Anthrax 150 105     X        
Antimicrobial Resistance 221 269     X        
Aphasia 15 14   X          
Arctic 17 19     X X      
Arthritis 355 339   X X X X X X
Assistive Technology 182 184   X       X  
Asthma 283 294       X X   X
Ataxia Telangiectasia 9 11   X          
Atherosclerosis 337 347   X X   X    
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) 116 107   X       X  
Autism 108 127   X       X  
Autoimmune Disease 598 587   X   X     X
Basic Behavioral and Social Science 1,062 1,104 X X X X X X X
Batten Disease 8 8   X          
Behavioral and Social Science 3,001 3,060 X X X X X X X
Biodefense 1,766 1,735   X X        
Bioengineering 1,546 1,469 X X X X X X  
Biotechnology 9,974 9,814 X X X X X X X
Brain Cancer 178 193 X X          
Brain Disorders 4,732 4,670   X X X      
Breast Cancer 718 707 X         X X
Cancer 5,575 5,643 X X X X   X X
Cardiovascular 2,349 2,370 X X     X X X
Cerebral Palsy 18 16   X       X  
Cervical Cancer 97 96 X           X
Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease 7 7   X          
Child Abuse and Neglect Research 38 38   X       X  
Childhood Leukemia 53 55 X         X  
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome 5 4   X   X X    
Chronic Liver Disease and Cirrhosis 408 379 X   X   X    
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 67 91         X    
Climate Change 50 47 X   X        
Clinical Research 8,785 9,116 X X X X X X X
Clinical Trials 2,767 2,949 X X X X X X X
Colorectal Cancer 269 282 X           X
Complementary and Alternative Medicine 301 299 X X X   X   X
Conditions Affecting Unborn Children 103 110   X X     X  
Contraception/Reproduction 335 314           X  
Cooley’s Anemia 42 34         X    
Cost-Effectiveness Research 143 155 X X X       X
Crohn’s Disease 64 69       X X    
Cystic Fibrosis 85 82     X X X    
Dental/Oral and Craniofacial Disease 413 417 X X X   X X X
Depression 335 345   X     X X  
Diabetes 1,038 1,037   X   X X X X
Diagnostic Radiology 712 694 X X          
Diethylstilbestrol 8 6 X            
Digestive Diseases 1,252 1,234 X X X X X    
Digestive Diseases (Gallbladder) 7 6         X    
Digestive Diseases (Peptic Ulcer) 17 23     X X X   X
Down Syndrome 14 16   X       X  
Drug Abuse (NIDA only) 990 1,001 X X X   X X X
Duchenne/Becker Muscular Dystrophy 18 23   X          
Dystonia 19 16   X          
Emerging Infectious Diseases 1,857 1,816 X   X        
Emphysema 17 21 X       X    
Endometriosis 12 12 X       X X  
Epilepsy 103 105   X          
Estrogen 153 164 X X       X  
Eye Disease and Disorders of Vision 705 714   X     X    
Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy 2 4   X          
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome 29 34   X       X X
Fibroid Tumors (Uterine) 15 14 X       X X  
Fibromyalgia 9 9   X     X    
Food Safety 316 278     X        
Fragile X Syndrome 20 27 X X       X  
Frontotemporal Dementia 33 31   X       X  
Gene Therapy 356 325 X X X X X    
Gene Therapy Clinical Trials 32 31 X X X X X    
Genetic Testing 417 395 X       X X  
Genetics 4,878 4,878 X X X X X X X
Global Warming Climate Change 58 56     X        
Health Disparities 2,766 2,744 X X X X X X X
Health Effects of Climate Change 157 164 X   X        
Health Services 929 1,023 X X X X X X X
Heart Disease 2,087 2,126         X X X
Heart Disease: Coronary Heart Disease 398 382         X X X
Hematology 1,114 1,128 X   X X X    
Hepatitis 177 174 X   X   X    
Hepatitis A 3 2     X        
Hepatitis B 36 42 X   X   X   X
Hepatitis C 122 108 X   X   X    
HIV/AIDS114 2,902 2,906 X X X     X X
Hodgkin’s Disease 21 17 X            
HPV and/or Cervical Cancer Vaccines 14 20 X   X     X  
Human Fetal Tissue 23 19 X X X X      
Human Genome 1,065 1,099 X X     X    
Huntington’s Disease 48 53   X          
Hyperbaric Oxygen 2 2   X          
Hypertension 395 390   X     X X X
Immunization 1,438 1,342 X X X     X X
Infant Mortality/Low Birth Weight 478 464   X X     X X
Infectious Diseases 3,132 3,059 X X X       X
Infertility 40 51           X  
Inflammatory Bowel Disease 72 80 X     X X    
Influenza 207 271     X        
Injury (total) Accidents/Adverse Effects 355 403   X       X X
Injury: Childhood Injuries 28 27           X  
Injury: Trauma (Head and Spine) 233 219   X       X  
Injury: Traumatic Brain Injury 85 82   X       X  
Injury: Unintentional Childhood Injury 25 21   X       X  
Interstitial Cystitis 25 23         X    
Kidney Disease 434 450 X X X   X   X
Lead Poisoning 15 15   X       X  
Liver Cancer 88 90 X           X
Liver Disease 450 423     X   X    
Lung 978 1,013 X       X    
Lung Cancer 266 249 X            
Lupus 97 84   X   X      
Lyme Disease 24 22   X X        
Lymphoma 170 158 X X X X      
Macular Degeneration 60 70   X     X X  
Malaria 98 104     X        
Malaria Vaccine 35 36     X        
Mental Health 1,824 1,853   X     X X X
Intellectual Disability 188 204   X       X  
Methamphetamine 45 45   X     X   X
Mind and Body 136 133 X X          
Minority Health 2,423 2,407 X X X X X X X
Mucopolysaccharidoses 10 10 X X     X X  
Multiple Sclerosis 110 98   X   X      
Muscular Dystrophy 40 47   X          
Myasthenia Gravis 9 6   X   X      
Myotonic Dystrophy 7 8   X          
Nanotechnology 192 215 X X X        
Networking Information Technology R&D 423 507 X       X    
Neurodegenerative 1,217 1,166   X          
Neurofibromatosis 16 13 X X          
Neuropathy 54 59 X X     X    
Neurosciences 4,830 4,809 X X X X X X X
Nutrition 1,039 1,075 X X X   X X X
Obesity 594 661 X X     X X X
Organ Transplantation 363 358 X     X X    
Orphan Drug 1,255 1,158 X X X X      
Osteogenesis Imperfecta 5 5         X    
Osteoporosis 169 164         X X  
Otitis Media 17 15     X   X    
Ovarian Cancer 102 103 X            
Paget’s Disease 6 4         X    
Pain Conditions, Chronic 220 224 X X     X    
Parkinson’s Disease 208 187   X          
Pediatric 3,161 3,173 X X X X X X X
Pediatric AIDS 276 262 X X X     X  
Pediatric Research Initiative 141 171   X X     X  
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease 4 3 X   X     X  
Perinatal: Birth, Preterm (Low Birth Weight) 374 351   X X     X  
Perinatal: Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome 8 9           X  
Perinatal Period, Conditions Originating in Perinatal Period 407 387   X       X  
Pick’s Disease 1 1   X       X  
Pneumonia 145 132     X        
Pneumonia and Influenza 351 405     X        
Polycystic Kidney Disease 32 36 X       X    
Prevention 6,815 6,729 X X X X X X X
Prostate Cancer 348 345 X           X
Psoriasis 8 10       X X    
Regenerative Medicine 614 575 X X X X X X  
Rehabilitation 324 344 X X       X  
Rett’s Syndrome 5 6   X       X  
Reye’s Syndrome 1 1           X  
Rural Health 202 208 X X X       X
Schizophrenia 364 358   X       X  
Scleroderma 11 12       X X    
Septicemia 49 49     X        
Sexually Transmitted Diseases/Herpes 264 288 X X X   X X X
Sickle Cell Disease 91 94   X     X    
Sleep Disorders 199 190   X          
Smallpox 149 122     X        
Smoking and Health 517 534 X X     X X X
Spina Bifida 11 9   X       X  
Spinal Cord Injury 66 64   X       X  
Spinal Muscular Atrophy 15 11   X          
Stem Cell Research 643 657 X X X X X X  
Stem Cell Research: Human Embryonic 38 42   X X X X X  
Stem Cell Research: Non-Human Embryonic 110 106 X X X X X X  
Stem Cell Research: Human Non-Embryonic 206 203 X X X X X X  
Stem Cell Research: Non-Human Non-Embryonic 289 306 X X X X X X  
Stem Cell Research Involving Umbilical Cord Blood / Placenta 19 22 X X X X X X  
Stem Cell Research Involving Umbilical Cord Blood/Placenta: Human 16 19 X X X X X X  
Stem Cell Research Involving Umbilical Cord Blood/Placenta: Non-Human 4 2 X X X X X X  
Stroke 342 340   X       X X
Substance Abuse 1,490 1,523 X X X   X X X
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome 77 81   X       X X
Suicide 32 43   X       X  
Teenage Pregnancy 21 16           X  
Temporomandibular Muscle/Joint Disorder 17 15   X     X    
Tobacco 515 536 X X     X X  
Topical Microbicides 88 99     X     X  
Tourette Syndrome 13 11   X          
Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy 35 43   X X        
Transplantation 551 534 X X   X X    
Tuberculosis 150 166     X        
Tuberculosis Vaccine 22 17     X        
Tuberous Sclerosis 9 12   X     X    
Urologic Diseases 536 526 X   X   X    
Uterine Cancer 28 22 X            
Vaccine Related 1,449 1,358 X X X     X  
Vaccine Related (AIDS) 593 597 X   X        
Vector-Borne Diseases 464 424     X        
Violence Research 113 106             X
West Nile Virus 85 69     X        
Women’s Health 3,498 3,470 X X X X X X X


112February 22, 2007.
113Chronic diseases and organ systems pertain to almost every area listed in the table. Instead of checking most areas, only the areas addressed in this chapter's section on chronic disease are checked.
114Includes research on HIV/AIDS, its associated opportunistic infections, malignancies, and clinical manifestations as well as basic science that also benefits a wide spectrum of non-AIDS disease research.