Table 3.1. RPG Applications and Awards Among T32 Postdoctoral Appointees, 1999-2008
Table 3.2. Total Number of Individuals and Percentage of L awardees (FY 2003-2008) that Applied, were Awarded Subsequent RPG, Subsequent R01
Table 3.3. Total Number of Individuals and Percentage of K awardees (FY 1999-2008) that Applied, were Awarded Subsequent RPG, Subsequent R01
Table 3.4. RPG Applications and Awards Among MSTP Appointees, 1980-1989
Based on our analysis of the current workforce, we estimate that there are currently 14,000 physician-scientists in the United States, of whom ~8,000 have Research Project Grants from the NIH. The total number of physician-scientists with a medical degree is now slowly declining. If the average career of physician-scientists is 30 years in duration, we estimate that about 1,000 individuals will need to enter the pipeline each year to maintain the steady state, assuming that 50 percent of people who enter the pipeline will not succeed. About 500 of these individuals currently come from among those who hold both an MD and PhD (earned in a combined program or sequentially in the United States or abroad). The rest must come from the pool of MDs who become interested in research during their clinical training. The average age of physician-scientists is steadily increasing due to factors that include longer training times, higher grant success rates for established investigators, and postponement of retirement.
37 The 1980-1989 appointees were chosen in order to have a cohort of individuals who have had time to complete all levels of subsequent training. Since MSTP T32 appointments typically begin in year 1 of an MD/PhD program and completion of the program was 7-8 years on average at that time, this cohort would have graduated in 1987 to 1997.