NIH has provided support for the training and early career development of physician-scientists through a variety of funding mechanisms. Many of these award mechanisms are referenced throughout this report. Figure 2.2 illustrates the points of support provided along the physician-scientist pipeline, as well as the training/career stages in which individuals originally intent on a career modeled on their academic physician-scientist mentors find alternate paths. Figure 2.3 provides an overview of the major institutional and individual awards that appear in Figure 2.2.
12 Figure 2.2 is not drawn to scale, i.e., more physician-scientists are employed in clinical practice than in academic or industry research.